Early life of Joseph Stalin Childhood: This was normally reserved for the children of clergy, although Charkviani ensured that the boy received a place. His gang ambushed the armed convoy in Yerevan Square with gunfire and home-made bombs. Around 40 people were killed, but all of his gang escaped alive.
Geography Topography of Russia The Russian Federation stretches across much of the north of the supercontinent of Eurasia. Because of its size, Russia displays both monotony and diversity. As with its topography, its climates, vegetation, and soils span vast distances. Russia shares land borders with the following countries counter-clockwise from northwest to southeast: Russia has an extensive coastline of over 23, miles 37, kilometers along the Arctic and Pacific Oceansas well as the BalticBlack and Caspian seas.
With an area of 6, square miles 17, square kilometersRussia is by far the largest country in the world, covering almost twice the total area of the next-largest country, Canadaand has significant mineral and energy resources.
Most of the land consists of broad plain with low hills west of Urals, and vast plains in Siberia. These plains are predominantly steppe to the south and heavily forested to the north, with tundra along the northern coast.
The rolling landscape of the central highlands. The Moscow Kremlin and the Moskva River. The more central Ural Mountains, a north-south range that form the primary divide between Europe and Asia, are also notable. The lowest point is the Caspian Sea, at 28 meters below sea level.
Russia has a largely continental climate because of its sheer size and compact configuration. Most of its land is more than miles km from the sea, and the center is miles km from the sea.
In much of the territory there are only two distinct seasons - winter and summer—spring and autumn are usually brief periods of change between extremely low and extremely high temperatures. The climates of both European and Asian Russia are continental except for the tundra and the extreme southeast.
Winters vary from cool along Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia, while summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along Arctic coast. A small part of Black Sea coast around Sochi is considered in Russia to have subtropical climate. Truly unique on Earth, Baikal is home to more than species of plants and animals, two thirds of which can be found nowhere else in the world.
Of itsrivers, the Volga River is the most famous—not only because it is the longest river in Europe but also because of its major role in Russian history. Russia has major deposits of petroleumnatural gascoaltimber and many strategic minerals. Formidable obstacles of climate, terrain, and distance hinder exploitation of natural resources.
Permafrost over much of Siberia is a major impediment to development. From north to south the East European Plain is clad sequentially in tundraconiferous forest taigamixed forest, broadleaf forest, grassland steppeand semidesert fringing the Caspian Sea reflecting the changes in climate.
Siberia supports a similar sequence but lacks the mixed forest. Most of Siberia is taiga. Environmental issues include air pollution from heavy industry, emissions of coal-fired electric plants, and transportation in major cities; industrial, municipal, and agricultural pollution of inland waterways and seacoasts; deforestation; soil erosion; soil contamination from improper application of agricultural chemicals; scattered areas of sometimes intense radioactive contamination; groundwater contamination from toxic waste; urban solid waste management; and abandoned stocks of obsolete pesticides.
Moscow is home to many scientific and educational institutions, as well as numerous sport facilities. Moscow also hosted the Summer Olympics. Founded by Tsar Peter the Great in as a "window to Europe" it was capital of the Russian Empire for more than two hundred years Saint Petersburg ceased being the capital in after the Russian Revolution of There are cities and towns in Russia, according to the Russian Census.
Astonishing remnants of these long-gone civilizations were discovered in the course of the twentieth century at Ipatovo, and Pazyryk. In the latter part of the eighth century B. Between the third and sixth centuries C.
A Turkic people, the Khazars, reigned over the lower Volga basin steppes between the Caspian and Black Seas through the eighth century.The attitudes of Stalin and Truman and the ideological differences between the superpowers.
Beneath the surface of wartime cooperation, there was always a level of distrust between the western allies and the Soviet Union (not least because Stalin had signed the Non-aggression Pact with Hitler in ).
In part the causes of the distrust were ideological. The reason anti-papist Baron Manhattan considered Pius XII so important is because of his attempt to form a close alliance between the Vatican and White House, in order to offset the threat of Communism and save Catholicism from extinction.
The Blog of Scott Aaronson If you take just one piece of information from this blog: Quantum computers would not solve hard search problems instantaneously by simply trying all the possible solutions at once. The Cold War was caused by the military expansionism of Stalin and his successors.
The American response was basically a defensive reaction. The Business of War. By Wade Frazier.
Revised July Introduction. The Business of War. The "Good War" Brown Shirts in America. A Brief History of Western Anti . I have also been reliably informed that for many years there has been a widespread belief within the American intelligence community that Patton was eliminated by the U.S.
government for political reasons.