Countries around the world have government systems; some are governed by a president or a head of state, while some are ruled by the house or a parliament. Apart from a good number of differences between a parliamentary system and a presidential government,the prime difference between a parliamentary and a presidential government is the fact that in a parliamentary government the prime minister is the one who has the ruling powers while a president has the superior power in a presidential government system. This article seeks to explore what is meant by these two types of government systems and the differences between parliamentary and presidential government. What is a Parliamentary Government?
Only the members of Parliament can be appointed as minster. Persons outside the legislature are appointed as ministers. Dissolution of lower house Prime Minister can dissolve the lower house before the expiry of its term. President cannot dissolve lower house.
Tenure of Executive Fixed Definition of Parliamentary form of Government Parliamentary form of government represents a system of democratic governance of a country, wherein the executive branch is derived from the legislative body, i.
Here, the executive is divided into two parts, the Head of the State, i. President, who is only the nominal executive and the Head of the Government, i.
Prime Minister, who is the real executive. As per this system, the political party getting the maximum number of seats during federal elections, in the Parliament, forms the government.
The party elects a member, as a leader, who is appointed as the Prime Minister by the President.
After the appointment of the Prime Minister, the Cabinet is formed by him, whose members should be out of the Parliament. The executive body, i.
Definition of Presidential form of Government When a country follows the Presidential form of Government, it denotes that there is only one person as the head of the state and government, i.
The election of the President is made directly by the citizens of the country or sometimes by the members of the electoral college for a fixed period.
The President elects some ministers as the Secretary and forms a small Cabinet, who assist in governing the country. Neither the President nor the Secretaries are accountable to the Congress Parliament for their acts.
Indeed, they do not attend the sessions as well.
Key Differences Between Parliamentary and Presidential form of Government The points presented below are important so far as the differences between parliamentary and presidential form of government is concerned: The Parliamentary system of government is one in which there exists a harmonious relationship between the legislative and executive body, while the judiciary body works independently.
As against this, in Presidential form of government, the three organs of the government work independently of each other. In Parliamentary form of government, the executive is divided into two parts, i. On the contrary, the President is the chief executive of the Presidential form of Government.
In the Parliamentary form of government, the executive body, i. Conversely, in the Presidential form of Government, there is no such accountability, i. Fusion of powers exists in the Parliamentary system, whereas the powers are separated in Presidential system. In Parliamentary form, only those persons are appointed as ministers in the executive body who are the members of Parliament.
Unlike, in Presidential form, persons other than those working in the legislature can be appointed as secretaries. In Parliamentary government, the Prime Minister has the power to dissolve the lower house before the completion of its term.
As opposed, the President cannot dissolve the lower house, in Presidential government. The tenure of the executive is not fixed in Parliamentary government, as in, if a no-confidence motion is passed in the Parliament, the Council of Ministers is dismissed.
Contrary to this, the executive has a fixed term in the Presidential government. Conclusion The members of the cabinet possess double membership, i.
Contrary to this, in the presidential form of government, the members of the cabinet possesses the membership of executive organ only.
When it comes to dominance, in the Parliamentary System, the President is only the titorial head, while the real powers lie in the hands of the Prime Minister. On the contrary, in the Presidential System, the President has got the supreme power.President System vs Parliament System Words | 12 Pages.
Presidential Government VS Parliamentary Government Canada and the U.S. are ruled under two different political systems of government which are parliamentary government and presidential government. President System vs Parliament System. Topics: Presidential The head of government is given to the prime minister, but the head of state is awarded by the monarch or president.
In Canada, the head of government is the prime minister, but the head of state (governor . Oct 28, · The main difference between a parliamentary and presidential system of government is that in a presidential system, the president is separate from the legislative body, but in a parliamentary system, the chief executive, such as a prime minister, is part of the legislative body, or parliament.
Apart from a good number of differences between a parliamentary system and a presidential government,the prime difference between a parliamentary and a presidential government is the fact that in a parliamentary government is answerable to the parliament whereas a president is rather responsible to the public who cast their vote .
President System vs Parliament System Essay Presidential Government VS Parliamentary Government Canada and the U.S. are ruled under two different political systems of government which are parliamentary government and presidential government. These two government systems are the most fundamental and dominant government methods in the world.
A semi-presidential system or dual executive system is a system of government in which a president exists alongside a prime minister and a cabinet, with the latter being responsible for the legislature of a state.