The decision to use the atomic bomb Written By: Truman received a long report from Secretary of War Henry L.
They discussed the post-war order and peace treaty issues. America had the bomb. When Harry Truman learned of the success of the Manhattan Project, he knew he was faced with a decision of unprecedented gravity.
The capacity to end the war with Japan was in his hands, but it would involve unleashing the most terrible weapon ever known. American soldiers and civilians were weary from four years of war, yet the Japanese military was refusing to give up their fight.
American forces occupied Okinawa and Iwo Jima and were intensely fire bombing Japanese cities. But Japan had an army of 2 million strong stationed in the home islands guarding against invasion. A "mushroom" cloud rises over the city of Nagasaki on August 9,following the detonation of "Fat Man.
For Truman, the choice whether or not to use the atomic bomb was the most difficult decision of his life. First, an Allied demand for Truman decision immediate unconditional Truman decision was made to the leadership in Japan.
Although the demand stated that refusal would result in total destruction, no mention of any new weapons of mass destruction was made. The Japanese military command rejected the request for unconditional surrender, but there were indications that a conditional surrender was possible.
Regardless, on August 6,a plane called the Enola Gay dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima. Instantly, 70, Japanese citizens were vaporized.
In the months and years that followed, an additionalperished from burns and radiation sickness. Exploding directly over a city of , the bomb vaporized over 70, people instantly and caused fires over two miles away. Two days later, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan.
On August 9, a second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, where 80, Japanese people perished. On August 14,the Japanese surrendered. Critics have charged that Truman's decision was a barbaric act that brought negative long-term consequences to the United States. A new age of nuclear terror led to a dangerous arms race.
Some military analysts insist that Japan was on its knees and the bombings were simply unnecessary. The American government was accused of racism on the grounds that such a device would never have been used against white civilians.
On August 6, the city of Hiroshima, Japan remembers those who lost their lives when the atomic bomb fell. Thousands attend the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Ceremony annually.
Other critics argued that American diplomats had ulterior motives. The Soviet Union had entered the war against Japan, and the atomic bomb could be read as a strong message for the Soviets to tread lightly. Regardless, the United States remains the only nation in the world to have used a nuclear weapon on another nation.
Truman stated that his decision to drop the bomb was purely military.
A Normandy-type amphibious landing would have cost an estimated million casualties. Truman believed that the bombs saved Japanese lives as well.
Prolonging the war was not an option for the President.For Truman, this decision was incredibly difficult. On one hand there was the rationale was to save the lives of American troops and end the war completely, and on the other was morality and the guilt of killing thousands of innocent Japanese civilians.
It was both these factors that. The Decision to Drop the Bomb Winston Churchill, Harry Truman, and Josef Stalin meet at the Potsdam Conference. They discussed the post-war order and peace treaty issues. Thousands of hours of research and development as well as billions of dollars had contributed to its production.
This was no theoretical research project. It was created to destroy and kill on a massive scale. As president, it was Harry Truman’s decision if the . Harry Truman on making decisions Cabell Phillips of the New York Times wrote of Truman, "His greatest resource undoubtedly has been his capacity to reach a decision and then to live with it in peace of mind.".
Plot summary. The book provides a biography of Harry Truman in chronological fashion from his birth to his rise to U.S. senator, vice-president, president, following his activities until death, exploring many of the major decisions he made as president, including his decision to drop the atom bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, his meetings and .
As President, Truman made some of the most crucial decisions in history. Soon after V-E Day, the war against Japan had reached its final stage. An urgent plea to Japan to surrender was rejected.